Dorothea dix essays

She was awarded with two national flags, these flags being for "the Care, Succor, and Relief of the Sick and wounded Soldiers of the United States on the Battle-Field, in Camps and Hospitals during the recent war.

About Dix opened a school in Boston, which was patronized by well-to-do families.

The state continued to appoint committee after committee to explore the mentally ill population. Inmates were often subject to the whims and brutalities of their jailers. It comments on how her tireless efforts led to the recruitment of more than 2, female nurses for the Union Army.

This website gives a much more detailed description of Dix and her early life, as well as the time she spent in Boston.

The last portion of the website biography laments the fact that Dix and her accomplishments are sadly under-reported in most history and psychology textbooks, but that this fact would sit very well with Dix herself, as she preferred to not be in the spotlight.

Dorothea Dix Essay

Dix in Relation to the Illinois Penitentiaryretrieved November 12, Inshe relocated back to Boston and established two new and very different schools serving the both the more fortunate and destitute populations.

Dix and the Politics of Institutional Reform.

Dorothea Dix

In fact, they reported those who suffered from malady were imprisoned because they either committed some public offense or posed a danger to society. She took a job teaching inmates in an East Cambridge prison, where conditions were so abysmal and the treatment of prisoners so inhumane that she began agitating at once for their improvement.

After achieving much success in Massachusetts, Dix turned her attention to campaigning for institutional care for the mentally ill nationwide.

Upon her return to Boston, she led a successful campaign to send upgraded life-saving equipment to the island. Still, Dix often clashed with army officials and was widely feared and disliked by her volunteer female nurses.

It is an informative, as well as entertaining, account. Her reports—filled with dramatic accounts of prisoners flogged, starved, chained, physically and sexually abused by their keepers, and left naked and without heat or sanitation—shocked her audience and galvanized a movement to improve conditions for the imprisoned and insane.

Dix to the Hon. During the session, she met with legislators and held group meetings in the evening at home. Traditional institutions were unable to compete with the demands of labor and caring for the growing population of the mentally distressed.

Dorothea Lynde Dix

This site details her first career as a teacher, then her second career as a social reformer. On March 25,the bill was passed for the establishment of a state facility.

Dix had a biased view that mental illness was related to conditions of educated whitesnot minorities Dix, The act of authorization was taken up March 14,and read for the last time.

She lobbied for the proper and institutional care for the mentally ill.

Shortly after her arrival in Washington in Aprilshe was appointed to organize and outfit the Union Army hospitals and to oversee the vast nursing staff that the war would require. He thanked Dix for her work, saying in a second audience with her Dorothea dix essays "a woman and a Protestant, had crossed the seas to call his attention to these cruelly ill-treated members of his flock.

Although thousands of Catholic nuns successfully served as Army nurses, Dix distrusted them; her anti-Catholicism undermined her ability to work with Irish and German nuns.

Her nurses provided what was often the only care available in the field to Confederate wounded. Her efforts provided the nation with the establishment and expansion of over 30 mental hospitals Hermann, F. Together they convinced the state legislature to erect additional facilities to relieve and support the inundated Worcester State Lunatic Hospital.

She prepared a memorial for the New Jersey Legislaturegiving a detailed account of her observations and facts. She is also the author of many memorials to legislative bodies on the subject of lunatic asylums and reports on philanthropic subjects. This is where her crusade began.

As a child she lived in a household with a mentally unstable mother and an alcoholic father. The Asylum Movement That same year Dix traveled in England with friends, returning home months later with an interest in new approaches to the treatment of the insane.

By the age of 14, she returned home and opened a school for small children.Dorothea Dix was an educator and social reformer whose devotion to the welfare of the mentally ill led to widespread international Apr 04, Dorothea Lynde Dix (April 4, – July 17, ) was an American activist on behalf of the indigent mentally ill who, through a vigorous program of lobbying state legislatures and the United States Congress, created the first generation of American mental the Civil War, she served as a Superintendent of Army Nurses.

Essay about Dorothea Dix Words 5 Pages Known as an American philanthropist and reformer, Dorothea Dix transformed living conditions in prisons and established institutions for the mentally insane in 20 states, as well as Canada (“DIX”).

” – Dorothea Dix Dorothea L. Dix and the Establishment of the New Jersey State Lunatic Asylum Prior to the Industrial Revolution, traditional institutions like the family, church, and local communities were charged with the care of orphaned children, the elderly, the indigent, and the mentally ill.

[tags: wartime nurses, dorothea dix] Strong Essays words ( pages) Dorothea Dix: Advocate of Humanitarian Reform in American Mental Institutions - Childhood and career Dorothea Lynde Dix was born on April 2, in Hampden, Main.

She was the daughter of an alcoholic farmer and a mentally ill mother. Dorothea Dix played an important role in changing the ways people thought about patients who were mentally-ill and handicapped, originally cast-off as being punished by God, as well as the way facilities handled and treated them.

Dorothea dix essays
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